How to make Money From Blogs, Books & More

 How to make Money From Blogs, Books & More - How to Make a Living with Your Writing

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If you Searching for How to Make Money From Blogs, Books & More then this is the right place where you came. Here You will learn about How to make money from books and How to online In other ways like blogging writing articles on your blog website and generate money or in other words income by placing the google ads. There are many ways to earn money online. You can work as a freelancer and provide some services like writing articles for a blog website and earn money. In this article, we have given the points please read these points carefully then you will understand How to Make Money From Blogs, Books & More.


PART 1: How to Make Money from Books

  1.  Your publishing options: Traditional publishing
  2. Changes in the publishing industry
  3.  Your publishing options: Becoming an indie author
  4.  How to self-publish an ebook
  5. How to self-publish a print book
  6. How to self-publish an audiobook
  7.  How to actually make money with books

PART 2: How to Make Money Online in Other Ways

  1. A business powered by content marketing
  2. Product sales
  3. Affiliate income
  4. Consulting or coaching
  5. Professional speaking
  6. Advertising and sponsorship
  7.  Freelance writing
  8. Tips for content marketing
  9. The transition and your next steps

How to Make Money from
Books | 

How to Make Money from Books

Your publishing options: Traditional publishing

When people think about making a living with their writing, they often assume that it's all about getting a traditional publishing deal because that is the dream and, in many cases, the myth of publishing. We hear stories of the outliers and of course, there are tales of amazing success. 

But a survey in The Guardian UK in April 2015 stated that the median earnings of professional authors fall below the minimum wage. The bottom 50% of UK authors made less than £10,500 in 2013 (around US$16,000). 

It's often reported that the average book will sell fewer than 500 copies, which of course, is not enough for a sustainable income. The top 5% are making more than £100,000 but most are not earning anywhere near that amount. 

So let's examine traditional or trade publishing in more detail. 

This refers to the established system of getting a book deal, which involves submission to agents over some time, usually some rejections, and then (hopefully) being accepted. 

Then the agent will submit the manuscript to publishers with usually some rejections and then (hopefully) a contract is signed. The book will then go through more edits and will eventually be published.

 The pros of traditional publishing

 Here are the reasons you might choose this route: 

  • Prestige, kudos, and validation. Most authors suffer from self-doubt and wonder if their work is good enough. If you make it through the process to get an agent and then a publisher, approval by these gatekeepers is usually validation that your work is good enough. Even if the book doesn't go on to sell very well, at least somebody thinks it's worthwhile. If your definition of success includes a traditional deal because of these reasons, then nothing else will do!
  •  An established professional team to work with. Editors, cover designers, formatters, and (possibly) marketing help is provided by the agent and publisher as part of the contract. Marketing effort is usually related to how much is invested in the project, and marketing for publishing companies is usually to booksellers rather than consumers. But you should at least get a sales team to take books to bookstores. Many authors say they "only want to write," which is why they want a publisher to handle the rest of it all.
  •  There are no upfront financial costs, and there's usually some kind of advance against royalties. You don't have to pay anyone to get a traditional publishing deal and if you are asked for money, then it is NOT a traditional publishing deal. It's likely to be a vanity publisher and you should be very careful. The median author advance is currently around £6000 or US$10,000. Increasingly, there are now deals where the author will take higher royalties and a smaller advance, or no advance at all. Remember also that the advance is against royalties, which are usually 7- 25% of netbook prices. So if you get an advance of $10,000, you then have to earn more than $10,000 out of your royalty rate on book sales before you get any more money. 
  • Print distribution in bookstores is easier. This is what traditional publishing excels at and what their model is primarily designed to facilitate. Sales reps go around the stores and make it very easy for book buyers to select books they like and pay later on one invoice per publisher minus any returns. Books are usually in the store for a month and only remain if they are perennial sellers. 
  • Literary prizes and critical acclaim are more likely through traditional publishing and many literary prizes aren't even open to indie authors. There have been outliers, e.g. A Naked Singularity by Sergio De Le Pava which won the PEN/Robert W Bingham Prize, but it's still rare for self-published authors to even be allowed to enter literary prizes. 
  • Potential to become a brand-name author. There are only a few household name authors in the world: Stephen King, Dan Brown, J.K.Rowling and E.L.James for example. These are the superstar writers. Below them are the A list, most of whom have been writing for many years, people like Lee Child and Nora Roberts, who are treated very well by traditional publishing and wouldn't see any reason to move. Yes, there's a chance of becoming a writer of that stature through traditional publishing. It's like a lottery ticket. Definitely worth doing if you want to play the game but the odds are against you.
The cons of traditional publishing 

These are the main issues with going the traditional route.

  •  Incredibly slow process. Writing and editing will be the same regardless of how you want to publish. But then it might take you a year or two to get an agent. Then it might take a year to get a publishing deal and then it will likely be from six months to two and a half years before your book is launched. So it's a very, very slow process, which is crazy in a world where you can publish on Amazon, and your book can be on sale within four hours, and then you can be paid 60 days later.
  •  Loss of creative control. You give this up when you sign with a publisher. Many authors get titles, covers, and marketing angles that they're not happy with. A friend of mine, Polly Courtney, famously resigned from her publisher on publication day because she was marketed as chick-lit when she writes gritty novels about social issues. She was angry and upset about losing that creative control. You may also get an editor you don't agree with, especially as many of the more experienced editors move up in the company or are working freelance for more money.
  •  Low royalty rates. Royalty rates are a percentage of the sale of the book. They're likely to be net, so all the discounts, returns, marketing costs, and overheads are taken off the total before your percentage is calculated. Royalty rates for traditional publishing will usually range between 7% and 25%, with the latter on the unusually generous end. The rates will also differ per format e.g. ebook vs. hardback vs. audio. Royalty reports may come every six months for a specific period of sales and many authors report how difficult they are to understand. They may also not tally with the amount of money that you get in your bank account, so authors who are traditionally published can't really do a cash flow forecast for future income. 
  • Lack of significant marketing help. Increasingly, authors have to do their own marketing and agents will often seek out authors who have a 'platform' or at least an email list of readers. If you do want a traditional publishing deal, make sure you ask them what is included for marketing and make sure you get more than just inclusion in a bookstore catalog. 
  • Potentially prohibitive contract clauses. There are a few clauses that you need to watch out for. One example is the agency contract, something that I have had personal experience with. A few years ago, I had two New York agencies interested in representing me and I went through their contracts. One of them included a clause where the agency would receive 15% of everything I published, regardless of whether they sold the work or not, and that included self-published work because they said that they would build my author brand, so they would be responsible for my success. Obviously, I wasn't happy with this because I put a lot of work into my platform and building my own brand, and so I went with the other agency who had a simple clause that specified that they didn't receive any sales from my self-published work.

 Another big issue is signing contracts where they take World English rights in all formats. Don't do that. (Unless the money is really worth it!) Your job and your agent's job, if you have one, is to keep as many rights as possible when you're doing a deal so you can exploit them in other ways. 

For example, you could just sell the US and Canada rights and then self-publish in the rest of the world. Be careful with formats as well, especially audiobooks. 

Many publishers take audio rights as part of a contract and then they don't actually end up recording it. You don't want that to happen. 

Either keep audio rights or specify a length of time the publisher has to exploit them before the rights revert to you. Look at the term of the contract and the rights reversion clause. 

It used to be that there was an out of print clause, but of course, in these days of print on demand and ebooks, a book never goes out of print. 

You have to consider when you might get your rights back, because what if this goes really, really badly? It's like a marriage. You don't plan for it to fail, but sometimes it just doesn't work out. 

(And I say that as someone who is very happily married – for the second time!) You want to be able to get out of this relationship if it goes bad, or if the publisher just isn't selling enough of your books and you think you can do a better job. 

Once you sign a contract for your book, it essentially belongs to the publisher and it may belong to the publisher for the life of copyright which is the life of the author plus 70 years after you die. 

That is a really big deal. You should also look at the do not compete clause, because this may stop you published during the term of the contract under the same name, in the same world or with the same characters.

 For example, you might sign a three-book deal with one book coming out every year starting in a year. So, that's four years in which you may not be allowed to publish anything else under that author's name, in that world with those characters. 

You have to really consider whether the money for the contract is worth it. This is where many authors go a bit crazy, because they think, "I should just take whatever contract I'm offered." 

Many authors will sign deals because they're grateful that they have been offered anything, but you need to value your work.

 Remember how important your rights are over the long term.

 Publishers are not charities. They are not doing you a favor by publishing your book. They are businesses and they want to make money. If you're looking at a traditional publishing deal, there are two books I recommend you read:

  •  Deal Breakers: Contract Terms Writers Should Avoid by Kristine Katherine Rusch
  •  The Self-Publisher's Legal Handbook by Helen Sedwick 
  • Both of those books will help you with contract terms. Spend a few dollars on these books and you will save yourself money and heartache along the way.
 To put the discussion about publishing into perspective, try this little exercise:

  •  Think of your favorite book.
  •  What is the author's name? 
  • What is the publisher's name? 
  • Most people will have a favorite book and they'll know the name of the author, but they are unlikely to know the name of the publisher. Most readers don't shop by publisher. Publishers and publishing names and imprints only mean something to authors and those in the industry.
 So your publishing choice is more a question of the outcome that you want to achieve and your definition of success. It's not really what the reader thinks about.

 The money side of traditional publishing

 Authors are paid on a schedule included in the contract and this will usually split the money into different payments. 

Every contract is different but, for example, this could be one third on signing, one third when the manuscript is accepted and one third on publication, and that may be split again between multiple books. 

Let's be generous and assume $100,000 for a three-book deal. That sounds like every author's dream, right? 

But practically, the money might look more like this:

  •  Agent gets 15% = $15,000
  •  $85,000 goes to the author over 3 years and split into multiple different payments – some on signing and then payments on acceptance and publication of each book over time - so that could be seven individual payments of approximately $12,000
  •  Remember you will need to pay income tax, so let's estimate that at 20% = $2400 leaving $9600 that you'll get a couple of times a year. Is that enough money for you to live on? Suddenly the six-figure deal for three books is not so attractive. 
This is just one example, and every contract will, of course, be different. If you are offered a contract, work out how the payment schedule will really work and don't be overawed by the initial figures. 

If you want to make a living with your writing, you need to understand how the cash flow will work and what dates money will come in.

 Would I take a traditional publishing deal? 

Absolutely. For the right project and for the right terms and conditions.

 I have an agent who is actively working on foreign rights sales – in languages other than English. I'm also keen to exploit film and TV rights. 

I'd also take a deal in English for print format only, for sure, and I'll consider every decent offer for other rights. After all, I can always write more books! 

But personally, I choose not to spend my energy chasing these deals. I choose to get my books out into readers' hands as soon as possible and take the cash sooner rather than later. 

I'm primarily an indie author, so let's now look at the changes in the publishing industry followed by the pros and cons of self-publishing. 

Changes in the publishing industry

The publishing industry is currently undergoing a lot of change, with digital disruption shifting the landscape as it did in the music industry.

 These changes mean uncertainty and fear for many, but creators who are willing to embrace the new model can do amazingly well. Here are just some of the exciting developments. 

Shift in consumer purchasing and reading behavior 

Ebook sales on Amazon overtook print purchases back in 2012, so that's old news, but ebook sales are also starting to rise in countries other than just the US, UK and Australia. 

Tablets and cell phones are gradually replacing dedicated e-readers for reading. eMarketer states that in 2017, mobile phone penetration will rise to nearly 70% of the global population.

 If you consider that most people in the world don't live near a physical bookshop, purchasing via cellphone will only increase over time. 

People will always want education, inspiration and entertainment and they will increasingly get it via their phone. 

Sub-Saharan Africa, as well as South American and Asian countries are skipping desktop computers and laptops and moving into the internet age on phones. Those are exciting new markets for writers!

 There's also a demographic shift into cities and smaller living spaces, and a trend towards owning less stuff which will increase digital purchases. 

I'm one of those people who moved from a four-bedroom house in the suburbs to a one-bedroom flat in the central city. 

We got rid of around 2000 print books to go digital in the move and I love having no stuff. I love renting and the sharing economy where you can use Zipcar, Airbnb, and other sites instead of paying a lot to own. 

Another interesting thing about digital markets is the twin poles of the younger digital natives, those who have grown up with the internet, and the aging population. 

One of the biggest markets for e-readers is the over 60s because you can change the font size or use Whispersync to read books to you. 

Only a few years ago, you could only get a small number of large print books from libraries so changing font size has opened up a whole new world of reading for the Boomer generation.

 So what about print?

 In March 2015, The Bookseller reported that online print book purchasing overtook in-store print purchasing. 

That means more people are buying print online than they're buying print in stores, which puts independent authors on a par with traditionally published authors. I have print books for sale online and they have the same chance of being discovered as any other author's books. 

The indie movement and how it changes things

 The word indie stands for independence, and we're at a point in the world right now where being an indie is pretty cool. If you think of indie musicians or indie film-makers, what words spring to mind? 

More original. More creative. Not linked to massive labels that treat artists badly. More character-driven, rather than Hollywood blockbuster. More authentic and edgy. 

In many creative industries, it's almost preferable to be indie than to be linked with the mega conglomerates that are tied into media companies with dubious interests. 

Consider your own purchasing behavior. 

  • Do you buy indie music and watch indie films?
  • Do you drink small-batch beer brewed locally by artisan brewers? Or buy cupcakes or artisan bread directly from the baker? 
  • Do you buy vegetables at your local farmers' market instead of the supermarket chain? 
  • Do you buy art/craft gift items from NotOnTheHighStreet or Etsy? 
  • Have you supported a creative project on Kickstarter or Patreon? 
The general public is becoming more and more likely to buy from artists directly and they want to support creative projects and creative people. Even education is heading this way, with the rise of online learning sites like Udemy, which is full of individuals creating courses on all kinds of topics.

 We're in a culture where the creator is increasingly valued more and more. And that's extremely exciting. So let's talk about how you can take advantage of this shift by considering going indie. 

Your publishing options: Becoming an indie author 

In my mind, there's a difference between self-publishing and being an indie author. 

The term self-publishing implies doing everything yourself and doing it more as a hobby. There’s certainly nothing wrong with this and it’s wonderful to create books in the world for the love of creation.

 I self-published photobooks for my own pleasure, I helped my 9-year-old niece self publish her first book and I helped my Dad self-published for his 65th birthday. 

But I use the term independent author, or indie author, for myself. I work with top freelance, professionals to create a quality product and this is a business for me, not just a hobby.

 The pros of being an indie author 

  • Total creative control over content and design. Many authors who were in traditional publishing and are now in self-publishing talk about how painful it was to have a cover or title they hated, or to have editorial choices imposed on them that they didn’t agree with but were insisted upon. As an indie, you can work with freelancers of your choice and you can choose the ultimate look and feel of your product. Now, that can be a pro or a con depending on how the book ends up, but as an indie, you can also change it, as I have done by re-titling and re-covering my first three books. You just upload another file. The start-up mentality that mistakes are how we learn and 'failure' is just a step along the way makes this easier for indies. But this reinvention practice is also common in the publishing industry and older books are revamped all the time.

  •  Empowerment. At a recent literary festival I attended, I talked to some traditionally published authors. I was shocked at how insecure they were and how beaten down by the negativity of the publishing process. They really didn’t see themselves as being able to make a decision alone or take action to improve their lot, despite the fact that THEY are the creatives, the storytellers, the brilliant ones. 

Compare that to indies, who in general are a happy bunch, as reported by researcher Alison Baverstock. It’s not surprising when you consider the research on ‘locus of control.’ The Journal of Personality and Social Psychology reported that the number one contributor to happiness is autonomy, “the feeling that your life – its activities and habits – are under your control.” 

After signing a contract, traditionally published authors have pretty much zero control – over pricing, the timing of publication, marketing, sometimes over the cover, the title, and even the words themselves. 

Plenty of authors are told to change their stories to fit what a publisher wants. Compare that to the empowerment of the indie author who can learn new skills, work with professionals, make mistakes, and learn from them, earn money directly, and interact with customers. 

Yes, it’s hard work, but it’s certainly empowering as hell. The positive energy involved in being an indie can propel you much further, much faster than waiting in line for your turn. 

Stop asking permission. You don’t need it.
Stop waiting to be chosen. Choose yourself. 

  • Faster time to market. You still have to spend the same amount of time writing and editing. But once you’re ready to publish, you upload your files to Amazon, Kobo, iBooks, Draft2Digital, Smashwords, and any other stores. Your ebook is usually for sale within 4-72 hours. You’re paid 60 days after the end of the month of sale. If you’re doing print on demand, you can get that up within 24 hours if you approve the formatting online. Or, you can order a copy and it might take a couple of weeks, but essentially, it’s incredibly quick to get your book up for sale. This certainly suits my personality, as once I’m done with a book, I want it out there and selling! I don’t want to sit on it for several years while it shuttles around publishers.

  •  Higher royalties. If you price your book between $2.99 and $9.99 (on Amazon), you can get a 70% royalty. Traditional royalty rates usually fit in the 7-25% bracket, averaging 10%. You need to sell far fewer books to make the same amount of money with self-publishing. But it’s not a get rich quick scheme. That’s really important. You can’t guarantee that you’re going to make as many sales as you would’ve done with a traditional publisher, or indeed, any sales. That is more to do with genre, investment in marketing, and sometimes pure luck. An author can’t build a business on luck – but they can learn about marketing, and authors have to do that these days, regardless of how they publish. 
  • Sell by any means in any global market, as you retain the rights. My books have now sold in 66 countries and they are for sale in 190 countries. I love to look at my Kobo Writing Life map to see which new countries I’ve sold to in the last month. I particularly enjoy selling in countries like Burkina Faso or Namibia in sub-Saharan Africa because I went to school in Malawi (no books sold there yet, though!)
 Yes, these sales are a trickle right now, but in the next few years, cell phone penetration will increase and internet access will become globally pervasive. 

Of course, the sales will tick up – 2 years ago, I was only selling books in the US, UK, Australia, Canada and now every month another income stream starts up. This is for books in English by the way – we’re so lucky that English is the most international language. 

Many traditionally published authors have sold World English rights for all formats and yet have barely sold outside the usual country markets because their books aren’t even available in most places in the world. 

Many have also sold audiobook rights but the books have not been produced. If you’re in this situation, revisit your contract. What do you have the rights to? You can self publish in countries where you haven’t sold the rights, so why not get on with it! 

  • Niche books can reach an audience. Publishing houses have an expectation of a certain number of sales, so if you’re writing a niche book on a particular type of organic tomato, for example, then you might find the market is too small for a major publisher. But the market size may well be enough for you to satisfy your own definition of success with smaller sales and lower-income. You can also price as you like, as chances are that your book will appeal to a very particular reader who might pay higher prices. 
  • Use it to get into the game. These days, if you self-publish and do well, agents and publishers will come to you. You don’t have to beg and plead for attention. The power balance is reversed and the empowered indie can get much better deals than a first-time author with no evidence of sales. Just look at the deals Hugh Howey, Bella Andre, Jasinda Wilder, Meredith Wild, and A.G.Riddle have done in the last year for both print books and movie/TV deals. So if you want a traditional deal, skip the slush pile and serve your apprenticeship as an indie.
 The cons of being an indie author 

So there’s the positive side, but what about the negatives? 

  • You need to do it all yourself or find suitable professionals to help. As with any new skill, it’s a steep learning curve. You still obviously have to do the writing and marketing, but you also have to do the publishing. You have to find an editor (list here) and a cover designer (list here) and work with them, decide on the title, get your work formatted into ebook, print, and any other format you want and find suitable professionals to help. This isn’t such a big deal as we all share with each other online and you can join The Alliance of Independent Authors which vets companies. 
But you do have to decide on your definition of success and understand that you need to run all aspects of the business if you want to go the pro indie route. 

For many people, this is a negative, because they just don’t have the time to do everything or they don’t enjoy doing it. I’m lucky because I love being an entrepreneur. 

I love all aspects of what I do – from idea generation to creating words on the page, to the technical side of things and everything in between. After many years, I’ve found the perfect work for me. 

If you can manage a project or you could learn to, then you’ll likely enjoy it too. But this life is certainly not for everyone.

  •  There’s no prestige, kudos, or validation by the industry. The stigma lessens every day, but if your definition of success is bound up with what other authors, agents, and publishers think of you, then indie might not be best for you. 
  • You need a budget upfront if you want a professional result. These days, you’re likely to spend on professional editing before submitting to an agent anyway, or at least be spending on books and courses for writers. Everyone spends money on their hobby, so whether you’re knitting or writing or mountain biking, most people are happy to spend money they never get back on something they love. However, if like me, you're intending to make a living from this, then yes, you need to invest money in creating assets for the business with the intention of getting it back in multiple streams of income. Either way, you will need a budget upfront if you want to be a pro indie. 
  • It’s difficult to get print distribution in bookstores. It’s certainly not impossible and if you care about print distribution then look at the options with Ingram Spark. Also, check out the Opening Up to Indie Authors campaign (or check out this interview with Debbie Young on the topic). But you’re much more likely to get bookstore distribution with a traditional publisher, as that’s essentially their business model and has been for a long time. They are experts at printing and distributing physical product. My personal choice is to use Print on Demand through Createspace, so my print books are available on pretty much all online bookstores. 
  • Most literary prizes don’t accept indie books and most literary critics for mainstream media won't review them. So if your definition of success is literary acclaim, you’re probably better off going the traditional route. Again, the Opening Up to Indie Authors campaign is looking to address this over time.
 The hybrid model: It’s not an either/or choice anymore 

The industry has changed and many authors now take a hybrid approach to publishing. They will make the decision by book and by particular rights, using the indie model for some things and taking traditional deals for others. 

This empowers the author to make decisions and choose the best possible route for each project. After all, a career isn't built on one book. 

For example, Hugh Howey sold his print rights for Wool and did some foreign rights deals. Jasinda Wilder sold several new books to traditional publishers while continuing to self publish another series. 

A.G.Riddle sold his film rights and kept his World English ebook rights as an indie. I have a German language deal with a traditional publisher and a literary agent who is handling other sales.

 The important thing is that you, the creator, are empowered to choose per project how you would like to progress. 

Other publishing options 

I’ve used the two extreme ends of the publishing spectrum as examples but these days, there are many more options for authors. This downloadable chart by Jane Friedman gives a wider view of the options available. 

New companies are springing up every day – some of which are offering a good deal and some which are just sharks who may well take your money and run. 

Many of the biggest 'author services' companies are run by Author Solutions, which is owned by Penguin Random House, so it is author beware. 

Do your due diligence and get testimonials from happy authors to recommend the service before you sign anything. 

So how do you evaluate these options? 

My basic rule is: How does the company make its money? 

Traditional publishers should pay you an advance against royalties, so you get the money first and then they make money back as your books sell. 

Going completely DIY, as I do, means that you can publish for free with Amazon KDP, Kobo Writing Life, iBooks, Draft2Digital, and Smashwords.

 These companies are FREE (yes, $0) to publish with and then they take a % of the royalty. They only make money when you make money. 

If you self publish, you will need to pay for editing and cover design upfront. But these prices shouldn’t break the bank and you should use professionals that other authors have recommended.

 If you want to use services that charge for other things, then please check the following resources: 

Preditors and Editors – a watchdog site for authors with listings of which publishers are recommended and which are scams 

Writer Beware – Lots more about scams against authors and companies to watch out for 

Choosing a self-publishing service – by the Alliance of Independent Authors, available on all online bookstores. Written by authors and for authors, so you get unbiased advice. Also, check out the Self Publishing Advice blog which includes watchdog articles. 

Need more help with going indie? 

Check out the following resources: 

  • My own Author 2.0 Blueprint – how I personally write, self publish, and market my books. There’s also an email series with videos and more resources if you sign up. 

  • Let’s Get Digital: How to Self-publish and why you Should – David Gaughran. And more book recommendations here. 

  • The Alliance of Independent Authors – a brilliant organization for authors who want to professionally self publish. Members get ebooks and other resources on self-publishing, plus there is a lively Facebook group and a monthly Q&A where I answer questions alongside Orna Ross, the founder of the Alliance. 

 How to self-publish an ebook

 If you want to self-publish an ebook, here are the basic steps and my own process for reference. This may look complicated if you're trying it for the first time, but like any skill, it gets easier every time you do it. 

Publishing barely takes any time at all after you've done a couple of books. It's the writing and marketing that take the most time, and that is true however you are publishing. 

Before you publish 

There are a few things you'll need to have in place before you click publish. 

  • Yes, you need a great book! A professional editor can help with this and I am a huge advocate of spending money and effort on this step to have a quality result – here's my list of editors if you need one. 
  • A title that entices readers. For non-fiction books, you want to use titles that contain the keywords people are actually searching for. For example, I changed the title of my first book to Career Change because people were actually searching for that. You can research this by typing ideas into the Amazon search bar and see what the drop-down shows. The keyword phrases displayed there are the most popular searches. For fiction, it's more about resonating with your genre and giving an impression of your book – much more difficult! You can change titles, but it is difficult, as I found when I re-titled my first three novels. 
  • A brilliant cover. Spend some time looking at the top-selling books in the category you are aiming for on Amazon. Take some screen prints and then work with a book cover designer to create a fantastic cover. Here's my list. This is a critical step as your book cover is an important piece of your book marketing. You can also change your cover later, as many of us do.
  •  If you have existing contracts for your books, and /or you have been published in the past, check that you have the rights before you self publish existing work. If you’re a new author or self-publishing and you haven't signed any contract, you have the rights and you can do what you like. You can publish in any or all of the following ways. There are no rules and you can sell globally on multiple platforms. (woohoo!) 
  • Write your sales description. This is an art and one that we are all trying to improve! Your aim is to entice the reader to download a sample or buy. There are many aspects to a good sales description and one way to get into the mood for writing one is to look at 10-15 top-selling books in your genre. Copy out the sales descriptions for each. What do you like? What resonates? What words do they use? Model your own on those. Here's an article that will help fiction authors with sales descriptions. Or check out Libbie Hawker's book, Gotta Read It: 5 Simple Steps to a Fiction Pitch That Sells. It's much easier for non-fiction. You have to demonstrate that you will answer the reader's question or solve their problem. You can also include your table of contents to show them what's inside. 
Format your ebook 

You need to have a Mobi file for Kindle and an ePub file for the other platforms but don't let technicalities put you off. There are several options for ebook formatting. 

  • Load Word documents into the various sites e.g. Smashwords and Draft2Digital and let them auto-format. This is really only good for plain text and you won't be able to fix up any formatting you don't like. 
  • Do it yourself using Scrivener compile. This is how I do my files as I can test them on my devices before upload. Scrivener is only $45 and the compile function is just one part of the amazing writing software, which many authors (including me) swear by. I also recommend the brilliant Learn Scrivener Fast video training program which includes formatting videos. 
  • Pay a professional formatter. There are lots of professional formatters out there now and some offer print formatting bundled with the ebook. Here's my list. You can also ask other authors for recommendations or use the Alliance of Independent Authors Partner member directory.
 I know that some people don’t want to mess around with ebook files. I used to feel like that too, but seriously, if you’re publishing a lot, then try Scrivener. It will save you loads of money if you're doing this for the long term. 

Publish your ebook 

Again, there are several options:

  •  Go direct to the retailers. For the best royalty rates, ease of control, speed of changes, and enhanced metadata, it's a good idea to publish direct to the retailers, all of which are free. I use Amazon KDP for Kindle, Kobo Writing Life and iTunes Connect for iBooks.
  • Use an aggregator like Smashwords, Draft2Digital, or BookBaby. You can use one of these sites to distribute to all of the stores, which will cut down on the number of platforms you have to monitor and make changes to. You can also use them for other stores. I use Smashwords and Draft2Digital for my books in addition to the sites above, using the former for Overdrive and library systems and the latter for Tolino (German ebook store) and NOOK. I used to use NookPress but it went wrong so often that I now use D2D. 
When you publish you'll need to:

  •  Choose your categories. These are the genre and sub-genres that you will find on the online bookstores, for example, Romance > Historical, or Thriller > Conspiracy. You assign these to your book when you self-publish and your choices will be critical for discoverability. Spend some time deciding on the best ones for your book. Think about how people shop on the online book stores or on devices. They will usually drill down into the sub-category that they like to read, for example, I like to surf Thrillers as well as Action-Adventure, and in non-fiction, I will always check the latest books in Entrepreneurship and Business. Those count as categories and they can be quite granular. You can choose to apply two or three categories to your book on most online stores, but a lot more on Apple if you publish direct. Just log onto whichever store you're publishing on and check the dropdown for categories to see your options. For more on categories, check out this interview with Nick Stephenson. 
  • Choose your keywords. These are words or phrases that can be used to describe your book, but also that customers might use to search. For example, 'career change' is a keyword phrase that I used as a book title as well as a keyword. 'Supernatural thriller series' would be a keyword phrase for my fiction. Keywords are another mechanism that will help your book be discovered in the stores. They can help you to rank for certain search terms as well as get you into more granular browse categories on Amazon. So for example, my books rank in Conspiracy Thriller, which isn't available in the category field – it can only be chosen through using the keyword phrase 'conspiracy thriller.' As mentioned in the title section above, you can use the Amazon search bar drop-down to find appropriate search terms. For more on keywords, check out this article. 
  • Choose the territories to publish in. If you are self-publishing and you haven't signed a contract for any rights, you can just choose ALL. If you have sold some of your rights, you can still self-publish in other territories. For example, many authors who have sold in the US and Canada could self publish in the UK and the rest of the world. It's really important to think about this because if you want to make a living with your writing, you want to be publishing in all of these different territories and maximizing your distribution.
  •  Choose your price. There are many debates over pricing and the best advice really is not to get too upset about this when you only have a couple of books. Your main focus should be getting initial readers, which may mean pricing for free or cheap so people will take a risk on a new author. Once you have a few books you can price at various levels – for example, I have free books, full-length fiction at $4.99, and novellas at $2.99. My non-fiction is higher $4.99 - $9.99, and I have some boxsets which range from $6.99 to $12.99. Prices over $9.99 aren't recommended on Amazon, as the royalty rate drops but for Apple and Kobo, you can go higher and still receive the top royalty rate. The readers there are often more used to paying higher prices.
 A couple more useful points: 

Many of the platforms now use a Series field to group books together. Make sure that you spell the series exactly the same on every book so that they are correctly linked together. This is critical for the various algorithms to recommend the books as a series. And if you're not writing a series, why not?! You can also use pre-orders on some stores – Amazon allows this up to 10 days in advance, Apple for as much as a year and Kobo for several months. This is useful if you have a series and you know more books are coming. You can drive sales over a longer period rather than waiting until launch week and then trying to get everyone's attention.

 How does the money work? 

The percentage royalty differs per retailer and also per region, as well as whether you're in Amazon's exclusive KDP Select program. 

(Here are my pros and cons of exclusivity if you're wondering whether to opt-in.) The range is usually 35%-70% of the net price which you set yourself as a self-published author. 

You will generally receive payment 60 days after the month of the sale so, at At the end of May, I will receive royalties from March sales. 

Some retailers pay using PayPal and some quarterly. I can see reports at any time on all the main retailers about my sales so I can forecast my cash flow. 

How to self publish a print book 

Of course, you want a print book. You want to hold it in your hand and say, "I made this!" And that's a great thing to want. 

Many readers also still read-only print books and so it's a slice of the market you want to be able to reach. 

In March 2015, The Bookseller reported that online print sales had overtaken in-store print sales, so having a print book for sale online can still be effective.

 It's also good to have printed for talks, marketing, and giveaways, otherwise, some people don't consider you a 'real' author. Silly perhaps, but surprisingly common. 

It's also good for comparison pricing. Look at a book sales page on Amazon and if there's an ebook as well as a print book, you'll see a 'saving.

' The customer then considers the ebook price to be a good deal. So purely having a print book for comparison pricing is a good reason to do it. This is why I even do print for my short novellas. 

What are the options for print? 

There are two options for publishing print books: 


 You upload up your interior and cover files to one of the print on demand (POD) service companies. When a book is ordered, one copy is printed and sent directly to the customer. No paying upfront for print copies. No holding stock. No post office runs. You just get the profit after the sale. I highly recommend this option for most people as there is very little risk and you can buy a few of your own copies for giveaways, marketing, and ego reasons. This is what I do and I'm very happy with it. 

Short print run: 

This option involves working with a partnership publisher or just a printer and getting a certain number of copies printed before distribution or purchase by customers. 

You will need to pay for these upfronts before you sell them, so it will mean a financial outlay, potentially a considerable one. 

This option is only recommended if you have a distribution method in place, e.g. you are a speaker and sell books at the back of the room, or if you have guaranteed sales. 

I did a short-run once – I lost money and the books ended up in the landfill – so, please be careful and do your sums if you're going this route. 

If you want to do a short print run, remember to factor in shipping, since books are heavy and this can add considerable cost. 

Before publishing 

You will need to have a formatted interior and a book cover ready before you publish. You'll need to decide the size of the print book and either make the files yourself or pay a professional formatter to do this for you. Here's my list of book cover designers, many of which also do formatting. 

Your interior formatting options include: 

  • Use the free templates available at the POD companies. Just download the templates for the size you want and complete them. 
  • For interior files, use the reasonably priced and very professional Book Design Templates produced by Joel Friedlander, 
  • Pay a professional formatter. Here's my list of formatters that I've used and that others have recommended. You can also search for them online or ask other indie authors for their recommendations.
  •  Recommended POD companies There are two main options for print on demand, both recommended by many authors. 

This is Amazon's own print on demand company. It has a simple 'wizard' process, downloadable templates, and online help along the way.

 Once you've uploaded your files, you'll be given the cost of the book and then you can add the profit you want to make. 

You can then proof online or order a copy to check it's OK before approving for sale in the store. It's free to publish. The only charge is for the proof copy and then you're paid per sale. 

The extended distribution option means that your book will be available at online stores around the world – I even found some of mine in Sweden! One little tip, if you are ordering your own books from Amazon regularly, you can get free shipping with Amazon Prime. 


If you want to have your books available in physical bookstores, then Spark is a better option than Createspace. 

You'll still have to get the bookstores to order the books, but retailers are more likely to stock books that come through Ingram. 

There are some minor set-up charges and other charges depending on what you're doing with your books. 

The main thing to remember if you want to sell in stores is to ensure that you factor in discounts and returns, which can severely impact profitability. 

Many pro indies use Createspace for Amazon and then use IngramSpark for the extended distribution option to bookstores. Here's an article from the Alliance of Independent Authors about how to use both services together. 

Many authors are passionate about print. Personally, I choose to use only Createspace. I love having print books, but bookstore sales are not an important part of my business model. You have to decide how print fits into your definition of success.

 A word on ISBNs 

Many indies consider ISBNs to be important and they certainly are if you want to sell books in physical bookstores. They are essential for store ordering systems to track books. 

But you don't need ISBNs to make a living with your writing. I don't use them myself and have never seen any evidence that having an ISBN helps indies make more money. 

For ebooks and audiobooks, you don't need them. For print books, I just use free Createspace ISBNs. This has no impact on the copyright of the book. 

A field in a system somewhere says that Createspace is the publisher, but as we've already discussed, who shops by publisher anyway? Again, you need to make your own decision. How do ISBNs fit into your definition of success? 

How does the money work for print on demand? 

You set the profit you want to make per book and you can see reports of sales online at any time. You'll be paid by direct deposit or check (dependent on your country) at the end of the month following the month of sale.

How to self-publish an audiobook 

The market for audiobooks is incredibly exciting and there are some big technology developments coming that will continue to boost the growth of audio. 

Streaming audio in cellphone apps means that it's easier than ever to buy and consume audiobooks and podcasts. Google Auto and Apple Carplay will bring streaming audio to cars in 2016. 

Whispersync technology means that you can be reading on your phone or device at breakfast, then get in your car and continue listening where you stopped reading. 

Amazon is also bundling audiobooks with ebooks, and if a customer owns an ebook version, the audiobook is cheaper. 

In addition, the number of audiobooks available right now is considerably smaller than print or ebooks, so you have more of a chance of standing out. 

Most traditionally published authors have signed away audiobook rights and most of those will never be turned into audio, so indies have the advantage of a possible faster response to this growing market. 

Use ACX to go indie for audio is the Audiobook Creation Exchange, where authors and rights holders can collaborate with narrators and producers to essentially self-publish audiobooks. 

It's an Amazon company and your book will be for sale on Amazon, Audible and iTunes. At the time of writing, is only available to authors in the US and UK, but hopefully they will be expanding to other territories over time. 

There are ways to do audio without ACX but they are more difficult. Check out Making Tracks: A Writer's Guide to Audiobooks and How to Produce Them by J.Daniel Sawyer if you want to find out more. If you are in the US or UK, read on.

 The process works as follows: 

  • The rights holder/author logs into ACX and claims their book with the Amazon ASIN - the number Amazon assigns to every book on the store. You have to legally own the rights to do this, for example, if you're an indie who hasn't signed a contract for the book or a traditionally published author who didn't sell the audio rights? 
  • You enter in extra details about the book relevant for narrators e.g. What type of voice would be best? An older African-American male vs. young adult female would be two extremes. You also add in the information about reviews and sales, which is particularly important if you want to attract an experienced narrator. 
  • You decide on the contract that you want to use – the options are: a) pay the narrator an amount per final audio hour and you retain the entire royalty, b) do a 50:50% royalty split with a narrator with no money upfront, c) record the audio separately, either yourself or with an external narrator, then upload and retain the entire royalty. Decide on whether you will go exclusive to ACX. If you go exclusive, you will get higher royalties but you won't be able to sell outside the channels of Amazon, Audible, and iTunes. 
  • Upload an excerpt from your book for narrators to audition with. 
  • Narrators will be alerted to your book and will hopefully audition for you. When auditions come in, decide whether or not the narrator is what you're looking for. You can decline auditions and give feedback if you want. If you're not getting any narrators auditioning, it's likely to be because your book doesn't have enough reviews or sales on it. You can also find narrators through your author contacts and go looking for them instead of passively waiting. I actively found two of my narrators through recommendations from friends, and another found me through ACX. 
  • When you find the right narrator, accept the audition, and then decide on dates for production. You'll need to QA the files, listening, and checking the words as well as any issues. I trust my narrators as professionals and I consider the audiobook to be an adaptation, so I only correct obvious pronunciation issues that usually stem from British vs. American pronunciation.
  •  Once the files are QA'd, the audiobook will go live. You will receive some promo codes from ACX so you can get some early reviews on it and then sales should start. 
The money side of audio

 If you do a royalty split deal with a narrator, there is no money paid upfront and you just split the royalties between you. 

ACX does this for you so the money is deposited into your bank account every month. Personally, I think this is amazing and in the last year, this has been a fantastic new income stream for me and many other authors. 

You can also pay narrators upfront, which will cost several hundred dollars per finished audio hour. You can also hire a studio and narrate the book yourself. 

Studio costs and audio production help will vary in cost but mine was around US$50 per hour. Most authors with decent sales report covering these costs within a few months, or certainly within the first year, and future sales are profit. 

More help with audio:

 It sounds like it's complicated but it's not really, and much easier to do than to write about! These articles will help if you want to get more into audio: 

  • Tips for distribution and marketing for audiobooks on ACX. 
  • How to record your own audiobooks on ACX. All my tips from recording Business for Authors: How to be an Author Entrepreneur in audio. 
  • Audiobooks for Indies by Simon Whistler. Available on all ebook stores.

 How to actually make money with books 

I'm assuming that you're reading this book because success for you is at least partly defined by sales and income. So, in this section, we'll go through how to actually make money from books.

 (1) Write more books

 This might be obvious, but it's amazing how many authors assume that they can make a good living from just a couple, or even just one book. But look at every other business out there. Does any retailer base their business on a small number of products? Does any publisher base their income on just a couple of books? If you look at the top-earning authors in the world, they generally have huge numbers of books and they've been writing for the long term. Many write multiple books a year. If you love writing, then this shouldn't be an issue for you. This will be the fun part, and here's some more good news. The more books you have, the LESS you have to market them because you'll have an audience ready and waiting, critical mass on the digital shelves, and multiple streams of income. If you have twenty books, and each book only sells a couple of copies a day, then you're still going to make better money over time than someone with just one book. One book with a great launch might have a spike of sales initially but over time the numbers will shrink unless another book comes along to boost the signal. The more books you have, the more you will sell. And, of course, as you write more books, you will also become a better writer. 

(2) Write books that people want to buy: by genre or category 

It doesn't matter how much marketing you do. If you write in a genre/category that doesn't sell, then you won't be able to make a living with your writing. 

Harsh, I know. But true. Of course, you should write the book of your heart. I certainly did with my first book and also a couple of my novels. 

That's important for your creative integrity. But if you're spending years writing poetry and literary short stories, don't complain if you can't make a living from your writing. 

If you want to know what people are buying, take a look at the top-selling books on Amazon. Or short cut the process and go check the data on

 70% of the top 200,000 ebooks are genre fiction – romance, mystery/thriller, sci-fi and fantasy. How can you write at the intersection of what people love to read and what you love to write? That's the key. 

I certainly read a lot in multiple genres, including poetry and literary fiction. But when I was miserable in my day job, I would read thrillers to escape the misery of the day.

 It was the way I could forget my own life for a while and live vicariously somewhere else. That's what books are for many people. 

So I write those kinds of thrillers now, because I love to read them, and so do many other people. They're also a lot of fun to write. 

Romance is a better selling genre but I don't read romance, so I won't be writing it. You need to immerse yourself in the genre to write it well. You can't fool readers! 

Spend some time looking at the sub-genres and how they are structured. I know many writers hate 'boxes,' but you have to choose two subcategories when you self-publish a book and your agent will want to know what you're writing if you want a traditional deal.

 You need to know who your comparison authors are and this will help you to investigate the genres and discover what sells better. 

For example, I write books that can sit within Supernatural Thriller, Conspiracy Thriller, and Action Adventure. My books don't fit within Medical Thriller or Espionage. 

Literary fiction is also a genre and there are many sub-genres within the category these days. Check the rankings of the top books per sub-genre to work out which ones are selling best. 

Have a look at the covers and the titles, as well as the sales descriptions. What are the images used? What are the expectations of the audience for these types of books? What do the top-selling books have in common? How does your book measure up and what can you do to improve it? 

(3) Write books that people want to buy: by search terms 

People want a book for entertainment, inspiration, or information. If you're not a brand-name author already, your non-fiction book is more likely to be discovered if it answers someone's question or helps them solve a problem. 

So how do people find these books? They search by category on the bookstores and they also use the search bar to try and find something relevant. 

They type in keywords or keyword phrases into Amazon or Google and see what comes up. Amazon is basically a search engine for people who are actively ready to buy, so you definitely want your book to come up in relevant searches. 

Try this. Go to and change the search filter to Kindle Store so you are specifically focusing on ebooks. Now type in 'how to' and see what happens. 

You'll get a dropdown of the top search terms that begin with these words. Type in 'how to market a book.' You should find my book on the first page. 

The title of that book was designed to help discoverability. I didn't call it something clever. I just called it by the best search term possible to describe the contents. 

I did learn this the hard way, though. My first book back in 2008 was called How to Enjoy your Job or Find a New One. 

Not the most inspiring title, right! In 2012, after leaving my job, I updated the contents and re-titled the book. It's now Career Change: Stop Hating your Job, Discover what you Really Want to do with your Life, and Start Doing It. 

The book ranks highly for the search term 'career change,' so people find it even though I don't do any marketing for that book and it doesn't relate to my online platform. 

Try this search idea for your own topics. It's amazing what people are searching for, and this exercise might give you some more ideas for other books to write. 

(4) Write a series and get people hooked 

There has been a shift in our consumer culture, in that people are now used to binge-watching and reading. 

For example, they want to watch the whole boxset of a series over a shorter period of time rather than watch each individual episode. 

When the latest series of House of Cards dropped, we watched it over a long weekend because it's an amazing show and we wanted to immerse ourselves in it. 

So if you have a series of books and people buy one and they like the characters, they are likely to buy the next one and follow you through the series.

 This maximizes your revenue per customer, whereas if you have standalone books with no related characters, people may read one and then not go back to the rest of your books. 

Personally, I also found that my income ticked up from hundreds a month to over a thousand a month once I had three in a series and anecdotally, many authors talk about five in a series being a real tipping point for consistent sales. 

The aim is to be addictive. Romance authors in particular do this very well. Check out series by Bella Andre, Barbara Freethy and H.M.Ward to see how the real pros do this. 

It also works for non-fiction, for example, S.J.Scott has lots of books within the niche of the habit that each tackle a specific aspect of creating better habits. 

People who buy one of them is likely to buy more. You can keep promoting the first in the series to get people hooked in.

 It doesn't matter if the book was published a while ago because it's always new to someone. Once they discover you, at whatever point in the series, they will likely go back and devour the whole backlist. 

I'm sure you've done that as a reader yourself. I certainly have. You can use a free ebook to introduce people to the series, as I do with Stone of Fire, ARKANE #1 which is free on all ebook stores. 

It's a taster that will hopefully pull people in. You can also write faster if you write a series. You don't have to reinvent the characters or the world, you just have to come up with a new plot, and that helps add books to the list, resulting in more income.

 (4) Think global, digital, mobile and long term 

Most authors have a narrow view about where they want to sell their books. They consider the local physical bookstore or nationwide sales. 

But the world is changing and (if you own your rights) you can sell your books all over the world. The biggest market for ebooks is still the US, UK, Canada, and Australia but I've now sold books in 66 countries and my books are available for sale in 190 countries. 

Currently, the sales in sub-Saharan Africa, South America, and Asia are quite small, but a year ago those sales didn't exist. 

The rise of the mobile hyperconnected economy means that readers are discovering books through apps.

 Many of those people don't live near a bookstore, so online retail will be the way they consume entertainment, inspiration, and education. 

Your books can be read by people all over the world – now that's exciting! So if you're worried about the US ebook market flattening, consider that the rest of the world has barely even started. 

The next ten years will be extremely exciting for global sales and personally, I expect this to be a greater percentage of my income every year. Make sure you're positioned for this shift. 

(5) Write in multiple genres and multiple lengths: Think more widely about what you can write 

Don't constrain yourself to just one genre. This type of silo thinking seems to come from traditional publishing where authors needed to stay within a brand for the marketing team to sell their books more easily into a specific bookstore shelf. 

But the online sales world is more nuanced, and now there's no limit to what you can do. Having books in different genres can also hedge against the ups and downs of the book sales roller-coaster. 

My non-fiction sells better some months, my action-adventure other months, and crime in the dark months of winter! I fully intend to embrace more genres to continue this spreading effect. 

I also find it easier to switch between fiction and non-fiction during the day. I can't usually write fiction for more than about two hours straight, so I can 'cleanse my palate' by writing non-fiction for a while.

 It uses a different part of my brain and this means that I can write more books over time. You can use multiple author names if you like. This works well if you have different audiences. 

For example, I use J.F. Penn for my thrillers and Joanna Penn for my non-fiction, as the audience crossover is quite small. 

If you write erotica and children's books, then using different names is also a good idea! But otherwise, there are no rules. 

In terms of length, the digital world means readers are less sensitive about shorter works. You won't get a print deal for a novella (around 20,000-40,000 words) but you can definitely sell that as an ebook online. 

Novellas, or shorter non-fiction books like this one, are easier to consume for readers and offer great value at a cheaper price. They are also much easier and quicker to write.

 (6) Consider the up-sell

 There is an established price point for books. It's usually anywhere between free and around $100 max, with most prices hovering in the lower end, under $15. 

People have been trained to only spend that amount on books, despite the incredible value that's inside. If you write non-fiction, in particular, consider how you could repackage that material into multimedia courses that people are happy to pay more for. 

People value video and audio more highly than text, so they will pay more for the same information that is packaged in a different form. 

Taking this even further, people value personal time and community more than any of these, so if you sell consulting services, events, or access, you will be able to upsell even more. I'll go into these options more in Part 2. 

(7) Grow your own email list 

There are so many options with marketing but the top-selling authors that I know, the ones who are making serious money with their books, only do a couple of things. 

They write a lot of books in popular genres and they grow their own email lists. They offer something enticing for free on their sites and they communicate with readers. 

They email when books are available and they can chart at the top of the bestseller lists through sales to their fans alone. 

(More detail on how to grow your email list here.) This is really all you need if you only want to make money from books alone. But if you want to take your income into other areas, then read on.

 How to Make Money Online in Other Ways | PART 2 

How to Make Money Online in Other Ways

 A business powered by content marketing 

This section is all about creating a business online by bringing in multiple streams of income, powered by content marketing. 

If we take the books out of the equation, what are the other possible income streams from your writing? 

Here's just a basic list – then we'll go into these in more detail in the next chapters. 

  • Product sales - Digital e.g. books, online courses. Physical e.g. t-shirts and other merchandise 
  • Service sales - consulting, coaching, professional speaking, freelance writing/copywriting 
  • Advertising or sponsorship - this can be based on traffic e.g. YouTube videos or by niche e.g. a pet food company sponsoring a pet based blog 
  • Affiliate income - selling other people's products or services and taking a percentage of the sale 
What is content marketing?

 To run a business, you need customers to spend money on your products or services, which puts money in your pocket and provides value in return. 

But how do you get customers to come to you? With books, the customers are already shopping in the retail stores like Amazon, Kobo, and iBooks, so you just have to maximize your chances of being found.

 If you can write lots of books, that IS your content marketing strategy. Your books are the content that drives people to your other books. 

But if you're not writing a high volume of books and you want to expand into multiple streams of income, then you have to find some other way to attract customers. 

Many online businesses power their customer acquisition through paid advertising, but my own business is powered primarily by content marketing. 

This is the idea of the author platform: it's basically a way for you to be able to contact customers, whether by email list, a blog, podcast or subscribers on social media.

 [Note: If you need to build your own author website, check out this free video tutorial I made on how to build your own site in under 30 minutes] 

Content marketing is essentially creating entertaining quality content, inspirational, or educational to attract a certain target market. This can be through written articles/blog posts, podcasts/audio, video, or images, all of which can utilize your writing skills. 

Remember: There does need to be a point to your content if you want to make money! 

Too many writers just throw things up on the internet without having a clear plan for what should happen next. 

The aim is that people are attracted to your content and join your email list, subscribe/follow/like you or end up buying your books or other products/services.

 It's called the freemium model – you give quality content away for free, people start to know, like, and trust you, and then eventually, they may buy your products or services. 

If you have a website right now, open it up and look at it as if you have arrived for the first time. Is there a way to subscribe to your email list?

 Is there a clear enticement to do so, using something of value that the customer actually wants? Is there a Shop or a Books link or a Store or a Buy button? 

What do you want the customer to do next? A secondary benefit of an online platform is to build your authority and brand online, which provides other opportunities such as speaking, appearing on podcasts and being seen as a thought leader in your industry.

 My site,, is content marketing aimed at authors and writers. It has: 

  • Text articles
  •  Podcast audio interviews with transcripts 
  • Videos 
These are on specific topics, usually educational and inspirational, that provide a lot of value. They have headlines that have been optimized for keywords, making it clear what the content is about. 

I started the blog in December 2008 and the podcast in March 2009 and I've been consistent in providing education and inspiration every 2-3 days since then.

 It's been the engine that has driven my business and without it, there's no way I could have left my job in 2011. I do have something a lot smaller for my fiction site, 

I write articles and do videos about my research process and I also interview other thriller authors about their books. The aim is to connect with other authors but also to provide insight and interesting content for my readers.

 It's not all about the money. It can change your life! 

A blog or podcast these days is more like a global publishing platform. It's your way to directly connect with people who love what you do and are interested in your take on the world. 

This might also be an Instagram account, a YouTube channel, a Facebook page, or any way you have to reach people. 

But let's focus on writing since we're writers! Blogging empowers you because it gives you a way to amplify your voice, to create something new in the world, to change people's lives, to connect with other people and to potentially earn a living. I absolutely credit my blog at with changing my life. Here's how: 

  • It enabled me to develop my writing voice – from the corporate way of expression and business writing with no personal touch to a much more relaxed and open style of communicating through text, video, and audio.
  •  I started selling my professional speaking services from the blog, as well as my online courses, and it was these things that led to me giving up my job. My book sales were a small percentage of my income at first and have grown over time. The blog has enabled me to speak all over the world – Bali, Sweden, the USA, New Zealand as well as all over the UK – because of my online profile in the self-publishing space.
  •  My content attracted people who were interested in self-publishing, even before the movement became mainstream, and I found a community of new friends who have been important on the journey. These friendships have enabled me to branch out into fiction, and have directly led to me getting an agent as well as hitting the New York Times and USA Today bestseller lists as part of an author collective. These intangible benefits naturally happen as part of sharing value about your niche online. 
  • Blogging helped me to develop my position as a thought leader in the independent author space. Podcasting brought another dimension as I was able to add other people's voices to the mix. 
  • So content is the engine that drives people to your site – but what do they buy there? 

 Product sales 

If you have books available through a traditional publisher, or you have self-published, you should have product pages for each of your books with links to all the retailers where they can be purchased. 

These multiple links are important, because you will find it very difficult to get merchandising from sites like Apple or Kobo if you don't link through to their buy pages. 

But books aren't the only things that you can sell to customers. Here are some more options for product sales. 

Selling digital products 

Digital products are essentially those that can be downloaded by the customer from a web page can be watched/consumed online, or are delivered by email.

 They don't need physical shipping or storage, which means that the profit margins are generally much higher than with physical goods. Examples include: 

  • Guides or Resources. If you sell your non-fiction book on Amazon, iBooks, Kobo, and the other stores, your price will be dictated by the market, which generally has a cap at around $20 maximum. Check out any new release from a top author and you'll see this cap applies to even the big names. But you can package your knowledge into a PDF and sell it directly from your website, pricing is much higher than you could in the stores. Many businesses are selling information this way, calling these Guides or Resources rather than books. The information is the same as a book but in selling direct, you can target your market more specifically and people will be happy to pay more. A good example of this is Chris Guillebeau, whose Unconventional Guides sell for hundreds of dollars. 
  • Multimedia courses. The last few years have seen a huge growth in MOOCs - massive open online courses. You can find examples at Udemy, Coursera, CreativeLive and Masterclass, where I recently did James Patterson's course on story. The popularity and growth of this 'learning on-demand' was demonstrated when LinkedIn bought in April 2015, to integrate mature, just-in-time career learning into the most powerful professional social network in the world. You can create your own courses and host them on your own site or use other platforms to host them. One example of a self-hosted course is Nick Stephenson's Your First 10k Readers which is about building an email list and marketing books. An example of a Udemy course would be Plan and Outline with Scrivener by Johnny B. Truant and Sean Platt.
 Some tips on multimedia courses

 I've run some courses online over the last few years. Here are some thoughts that may help you if you're considering it:

  •  Do your research into what people actually want and will buy. Don't just create something that you think they will need. If you have an audience already, do a survey, and ask people. If you don't, then use a Twitter search or other social listening tools to figure out what people want. 
  • Choose the title very carefully. If it resonates, people will buy it. This principle is the same as for book titles. The language used should be based on the benefits not features, and the wording should reflect what your target audience is really looking for. 
  • Don't try to cover everything. Keep each piece of information to a short bite-sized chunk. Videos and audios need to be under 20 mins, preferably shorter. 
  • Sort out your customer service before you sell. One of the reasons why I like writing books is because I am free to create and put my work out there. There is no customer service except email exchanges with happy readers. When you create courses, especially from your own site, you will need to interact around technical issues and be more available to answer questions. Make sure that you understand how you will handle all that before you jump in because you could have a successful launch with thousands of people emailing you for help. For more tips, check out the Udemy creators guide which is useful even if you want to create courses to sell on your own site.
 Selling physical products

 In case it's not obvious, physical products actually exist! They have mass, they take up space and they require physical shipping.

  •  The most obvious physical product for writers is the signed print book. Many authors have a separate payment page for signed books and include a link to purchase by PayPal. You'll need to keep a stock in your house and then put them in the mail when you want to send them to customers. Personally, I think that the overhead in terms of time and the very low margin make this more of a marketing activity than a revenue stream but some authors still like to do it. 

  • Many authors also do swag and other merchandise from their websites. You can keep a stock and send it yourself, or you can use on-demand services. Comic book artist XKCD has books, t-shirts, stickers, and much more at his online store. A simpler example would be David at, a great blog that covers the publishing industry. David sells t-shirts with smart indie sayings on his sidebar from Zazzle, which prints the t-shirts on demand. 

Selling physical products online is a huge topic, so if it interests you, definitely do your research and due diligence. Personally, I don't sell physical products (yet) so the focus in this book is more on digital sales. 

Payment processing options

 It's very easy to take payment online now and you don't need a special bank account set up to do it. Options include: 

  • PayPal buttons - the simplest solution
  • Gumroad, Selz, Payhip or e-Junkie - which have integrated product delivery, social sharing, and options to pay with bank cards as well as PayPal 
  • Woocommerce, Shopify - more extensive shopping carts for use with bigger inventory 
There's more detail on these payment processors here: How to sell books and courses directly to customers.

 A short word on European VAT rules instigated on 31 Dec 2014:

 Previously, VAT was charged in the country of the seller. Now, if you sell digital products direct to customers residing in EU countries, you are required to pay VAT in the countries where the customer resides.

 This bureaucratic overhead meant that many people withdrew direct sales, as I did with my own courses.

 But many companies now handle the VAT portion for you so check with the payment processing solution you are considering to see if it supports this. 

For more information, check out this article by Rosie Slosek, accountant and co-founder of EU VAT Action.

 From my own perspective, I am now creating courses again but I'm using hosted services that deal with these EUVAT issues instead of selling directly from my own site. Check out the Creative Freedom Course which is hosted on Fedora. 

Affiliate income 

Affiliate income is essentially commission on sales that you make for someone else's product. There are two main ways in which you can make income with this: 

  • Recommend products and services you use personally and believe are useful to an audience you have already attracted. You can share the information through blog posts, articles, videos, and podcasts with affiliate links to the products. 

  • Find products for a niche target audience and then buy traffic to send to the product sales page. This doesn't require building up an audience in advance but it does require extensive knowledge of paid advertising. 

The former is a more of a long-term strategy and the one I use personally. I only recommend things that I really think will be useful. However, the paid traffic mechanism can be done in a perfectly ethical way, especially if the product is of good quality and useful to the target audience. 

How do you become an affiliate? 

For many sites and products, you can just set yourself up and you're automatically approved.

  •  Amazon Associates - for pretty much anything sold on Amazon. If you have links to your books on your website this is a good way to start with affiliate marketing and you will receive a little bit extra if people shop through your link, as well as a percentage of other products that people buy within 24 hours. You can use your existing Amazon account and then find your books, copy the special link and then use that on your site. You can also use a site like to create one link that works for all stores and contains affiliate links. 
  • Apple affiliates - for apps, books, music, etc. sold on iTunes, iBooks, and app stores. Again, if you're linking to your books on iBooks, you may as well use an affiliate link.
  • or or marketplace - for courses. Other products are usually invitation-only based on relationships in the niche you serve. You are more likely to be approached if you have measurable traffic on a blog or podcast, a niche audience that people want to access, and/or a substantial email list. 
Tips for affiliate sales

  •  Write a blog post or do a podcast or video that outlines the most useful things about the product or service you recommend. For example, I did an interview with Jim Kukral about Author Marketing Club which has a tool that helps authors get book reviews in a more streamlined manner, saving time and energy. It's a useful interview and a great service.

  •  Do a free webinar with the product creator. Webinars are free live web events with replays available for a few days after the live event. Give a lot of great information that the attendees can use to answer a specific problem and then pitch the product with a special deal at the end. Webinars include video, while teleseminars are audio-only. Both options are very popular and generally result in good sales spikes. I do webinars with Joseph Michael from Learn Scrivener Fast every few months. We do a useful 90 min webinar with loads of actionable tips and also promote the course, which I use all the time for my own writing. 
  • Include your affiliate links in your email auto-responder along with useful tips and/or videos for how it has been useful to you. Here's a useful writing tips video that includes a link to Learn Scrivener Fast.
  • Create a video tutorial so that people can understand how to use the product you're recommending. One example is my own free video tutorial on how to build your own author website in under 30 minutes.
  •  Create a Tools or Resources page on your site with links to everything you use so they can be found in one place. Here's my own tools page as an example.

My overarching tip is to be ethical. There are plenty of affiliate marketers who don't care about reputation, but for me, trust and reputation is far more important than easy cash.

Consulting or coaching

 If you are regularly producing content on a topic that educates, inspires, or entertains, you will attract people who want to pay for your expertise in person. 

One of the easiest ways to make initial income online is to offer your services. You don't need to write a book or learn video and audio skills.

 You just put up a page with Hire me, or Book me, or Work with me and then include what you're offering and a button to buy now or directions to PayPal the money to you.

 Here are some tips for coaching and consulting services based on my own experience:

  •  Be clear what you're offering. On your sales page, go through what the session will include and how payment works. I offer consulting, not coaching – the difference being that I will do a single session, work on your problem, and then send you off to do the work. I won't hold your hand through the process like a Coach will. My rate is for a 1-hour consultation + prep work, whereas a coach will have a package for on-going discussions and support. Here's my consulting page for reference, and you're welcome to model whatever aspects resonate with you. Here's an example of a coaching page from my friend Mark McGuinness. 
  • Include testimonials on your sales page. Work for free with your initial clients and get testimonials from happy customers as social proof that you know what you're talking about. If you offer super value, you'll also get word of mouth referrals over time. 
  • If you're overwhelmed with too much work, put your rates up. I started out with quite a low hourly rate a few years ago but it got too busy. As I put my rates up over time, demand slowed. When I don't want new clients, I also take the consulting link off the store page altogether! This is also a good way to ensure that you get a high quality of client who is willing to put in the work.
  •  Use a questionnaire and get the client to articulate what they want before the session. After payment, I send the client a questionnaire and use that to prep the session. It's important to find out what they want and how to provide value, although it's also good to question the assumptions within their request. Don't be afraid to turn down a client if they don't fit your expertise. Recommend others in the niche who might serve them better instead.
  •  Use Skype and use the recording for a value-added experience. I do my consulting over video Skype. This brings a personal aspect to the call, and sometimes you need that body language view to really understand what's going on with people. You can also get a real rapport going. I use eCamm Call Recorder for Mac, or you can use Pamela for PC to record the call. They are both reasonably priced and you can then send the client a recording of the call afterward, as well as any extra notes. What can you offer in terms of coaching, consulting, or other services?

 Professional speaking

 If you are regularly producing quality content on a topic that educates, inspires, or entertains, you are also likely to get asked to speak.

 I made a conscious effort to get into paid professional speaking when I wrote my first non-fiction book and it continues to be an important part of my business.

 Most of my speaking opportunities come to me now because of my books, blogs, and podcasts. I know not everyone wants to speak, but if you spend a lot of time writing on your own, it can be a good way to get out of the house and make connections, as well as spread your brand – plus, it can pay very well. Here are some of my top tips on speaking. 

  • Decide on your target audience and what you will speak about. If you have a book already, the topic will naturally suggest itself and then you can consider the possibilities. You can also decide on your target market and then design a talk or write a book that will appeal to them.
  •  Call yourself a speaker. Add it to your business card and create a speaking page on your website. It should include what you speak on and how you can be contacted, as well as testimonials and upcoming events. Here's my speaker page as an example.
  •  Start speaking for free and get some experience as well as some testimonials. You can start small and work up over time. My first speaking event in 2008 was at a writer's group in Brisbane, Australia where I shared my story of self-publishing for the first time. In 2015, I did the keynote at a publishing conference to a ballroom full of several hundred people. It just takes time and persistence, as with everything worth doing!
  •  Get paid. If you want to earn money from speaking, then you will need to set your rates after you have been speaking for free for a certain amount of time. I love sharing my passion but I have learned one important thing: the level of your speaking fee will be determined by the audience you speak for. Clearly, keynoting at corporate conferences on leadership will pay more than talking to a writer's group on self-publishing.
  •  Understand and manage your anxiety. The truth is that pretty much all speakers get nervous in some way, especially if you keep aiming for new experiences that are outside your comfort zone. For example, I can run a full-day workshop with 30 people and not be nervous. I can keynote a conference of hundreds and also be fine. But ask me to read from one of my novels in front of any size of group and I will feel sick with anxiety. I know what anxiety feels like for me, and I accept it. I have my rituals to deal with nerves and you will need to develop them too. 
  • Get some training and join a professional organization if you want to take this to a professional level. Toastmasters is great for learning the basics but if you want to be a paid speaker, then check out the National Speakers Association in America, the PSA in the UK or one of the other affiliated organizations from the Global Speakers Federation.
 There's a lot more detail about the mindset and practicalities of speaking in my book, Public Speaking for Authors, Creatives, and Other Introverts.

Advertising and sponsorship

 If you have an audience, people are likely to want to advertise on your site or sponsor your content on an ongoing basis.

 This could include:

  •  Paid advertising for a banner ad in the sidebar of your site, a mention in your newsletter or in a video or podcast. 
  • Paid promotional article or blog post or video featuring a product or service. 
  • Advertising on YouTube - this is more passive advertising in that you turn the ads on and choose when they play, but you don't get to choose the ads themselves.
  •  Ongoing sponsorship from a company, which implies a longer relationship than one-off advertising. For example, right now my podcast is sponsored for the hosting and transcription by Kobo Writing Life and 99 Designs, both have paid upfront for ongoing audio advertising throughout the year.
  •  Ongoing sponsorship from your community. This can be the most rewarding as it's actually from your community. My time spent in producing The Creative Penn podcast is sponsored by my listeners on Patreon. You set up a profile and levels of sponsorship – most people pay between $1 and $5 per show – and then the money is collected and sent by PayPal monthly.
 The main thing to remember with advertising is that you are being paid for access to the community that you have built up over time.

 Your audience trust you, so don't do anything to jeopardize that trust. Over the years, I've been approached by companies offering to pay me a lot of money for leads, but ethically, there is no way I would want to recommend them. 

In my opinion, your reputation and ethics are more important than money, and you need to respect your audience above all things. If you want to earn with advertising and sponsorship: 

  • Develop a niche audience and have a regular way of communicating with them. This may be a YouTube channel, a text-based blog, a podcast, or even a Facebook page, Twitter stream, or Instagram channel.
  •  Measure the size of your audience and have the statistics ready to share with companies who might approach you, or in pitching if you approach them first. This may be Google Analytics for your blog traffic and your hosting company for a podcast. 
  • Decide on your rates. It's difficult to know how much you should charge for advertising, but it will be based on how big your audience is as measured by traffic or listens or views, how long the sponsorship is for, and your own confidence at asking. This article by Yaro Starak goes through advertising rates for a blog. This article by podcast entrepreneur John Lee Dumas goes into how to decide on podcasting rates. Increase your rates as your audience increases and don't lock in sponsors for too long. 
  • Only work with companies that actually fit your audience and that you are happy to endorse them. This will protect your reputation and keep your audience happy and also mean that the advertiser may keep paying you for access since the advert will actually work.
 This has been a reasonably small revenue stream for me so far, but with the exponential growth of podcasting and the size of my audience, I'm intending to do more with this after my current sponsorship period runs out. 

It's definitely a good revenue stream if you have the right audience and the right sponsorship fit. 

Freelance writing

 Freelance writing is essentially writing for hire. This may be for other people's websites, magazines, newspapers, or books. 

You're paid for the word count and generally, you don't own the rights to the finished product. This income is non-scalable, as in you can only earn that money once, but it is a good way to add an income stream.

 I've only done a small amount of freelance writing and that came to me based on my online profile. My main non-scalable income stream is professional speaking and my aim is to have 80% scalable income and only 20% non-scalable income.

 Freelance writing is an obvious way to earn some money for writers BUT remember, you need to keep focusing on building your own assets, writing your own books, and building your own brand. 

So make sure that you balance your time between writing for others and writing for yourself. Here are some tips for freelance writing based on discussions with friends of mine who make a decent income from it.

  •  Freelance writing is hard work and if you end up doing the most basic jobs writing for content mills at tiny rates, you will burn out and hate writing. So do your research about the best ways to earn decent money, learn from successful freelancers, make a plan, and then target the higher paying opportunities. Only apply for the jobs that fit your ideal situation.
  •  Work smarter, not harder. Writing on the more difficult and in-depth topics will earn you more money than just following the muse. Finding a couple of bigger, regular writing clients or contracts will be easier than jumping on lots of individual pieces of work. Listening carefully to what the client wants and then delivering to that sounds obvious, but so many writers don't do this. 
  • Keep track of submissions, invoicing, and payment and be clear on your terms and conditions. If you're doing work for lots of clients at the same time, it's really important to check that money has come in when it should and follow up on time.
  •  There are plenty of freelance writers earning excellent money, so don't undervalue your skills. Don't join a race to the bottom, underbidding people on sites like Elance. Aim to differentiate yourself so you stand for quality and demonstrate that you're worth the money. Of course, if you're just starting out, you may well have to do some work for free to get those first credits under your belt. Just don't let that period stretch out for too long!
  •  Having your own blog with examples of your writing that demonstrates your expertise in a niche can attract clients to you, rather than you having to chase them down. You at least need a professional-looking static site that includes information about you, and potentially your rates and skills. 
  • Relationships are really important, both with editors at writing venues but also with fellow freelancers. Think of your connections as social karma, recommend jobs to others and you will likely get recommendations in return.
 Further resources

  •  71 ways to make money as a freelance writer - a fantastic guide from The Write Life on paying freelance opportunities with specific rates
  •  The Write Life: Helping writers create, connect and earn
  •  Make a living writing - practical help for hungry writers. Run by the fantastic Carol Tice

Tips for content marketing

 In this section, I've talked about ways to make money by attracting people to you through content marketing – providing education, inspiration or entertainment for free so that people will then go on to buy books, products and services.

 You can use your writing as content to attract customers and it costs time, not money. There are plenty of ways to attract people through paid advertising but these are beyond the scope of this book, as I personally prefer to focus on content marketing.

 Here are some of my top tips based on the last six years of blogging, podcasting, doing videos, and social media. 

Understand the why behind what you're doing 

Many people will start a blog, a podcast, a video channel, or a social media account and later will question how they can 'monetize' it.

 If you start by considering the following questions, it will help you later on: Who do you want to attract? How can you educate/inspire/entertain them? 

What do you want them to DO next – subscribe to your email list or buy a product? How does this contribute to your making a living or your other definitions of success? Is there a point?

 Model others 

This is how everyone starts out! Subscribe to blogs/podcast/vids you like, decide what style and topics you like, work out how they engage an audience, how they monetize, and what you like or dislike about what they do.

 Then figure out how all of this fits with what you're doing. Write your ideas down and let new ideas spark from there.

 If you're serious, own your own site

 Many people start out with free websites, like or but you will soon run into problems with what you can and cannot do.

 Also, a free site is ultimately out of your control and can be taken down. The same applies if you build your platform on Facebook or other sites that you don't own.

 Things can change and you won't be able to do anything about it. But setting up your own site is easy and cheap these days. Here's my video tutorial with step-by-step notes on how you can build your own site in under 30 minutes. 

Design for mobile and ease of use

 Make sure that you use a mobile-optimized theme for your site as Google now penalizes websites in the search engine if they aren't. For ease of scanning, use plenty of white space and sub-headings within your articles.

 Build your own email list

 Give away something of value that people actually want, whether that's a free book or a video series. Then communicate to your list regularly with education, inspiration, or entertainment that resonates with your brand.

 If you can build a list of people who open your emails and love hearing from you, then you can definitely make a living this way.

 If you want more detail on this, I recommend Nick Stephenson's Your First 10k Readers free video series and course.

 Create excellent content

 There's enough crap content on the internet, so make sure your stuff is authentic and real. It doesn't have to be an original topic but it does have to be your take.

 There are content creators who put out new stuff every day, but then some people write big meaty articles sporadically and do very well that way.

 Be personal and authentic 

Share your personality and your story. More than anything, people crave connection and I've found that the more personal I am, the more things resonate with people.

 From a reader's perspective, over the years I have unsubscribed from blogs and podcasts with no real personality.

 The ones I have stayed with, the people whose books I preorder, and support are the ones I feel that I know. This is the model I try to use myself, sharing my failures as well as successes.

 Create content in your niche

 This may actually fly in the face of the last point! I see it as sharing authentically but within the boundaries of what your audience is there for.

 So even though my site, The Creative Penn, really is about me and my journey as a writer, I don't share everything about my life. I don't use my husband's name, I don't talk about weight loss or my family.

 I keep the site focused on writing, creativity, publishing, book marketing, and entrepreneurship because that's my promise to the audience under my brand.

 On my fiction site,, I don't talk about publishing or book marketing because readers don't care about that stuff. Instead, I interview other thriller authors and share my research for my books. 

Balance consumption and creation so that you don't run out of ideas 

When you read a book, write a book review or a lessons learned article based on that experience. Go to an art gallery and then write something about it. 

You need to consume to fill the creative well with new ideas, but you also need to create or you will have nothing to sell or share online. 

Understand that copywriting is not the same as writing books

 If you are a fantastic fiction writer, it doesn’t mean that you will be a tremendous blogger straight away. 

The focus of copywriting is getting people to take action, whereas writing books is usually about the recipient passively consuming.

 You need to understand the psychology of people’s attention, how they scan for what they want, how headlines work, and much more. I recommend Copyblogger for great info on this.

 Link freely to others and share traffic 

Generosity and social karma fuel the online world, at least in my experience! It's all about linking to each other within blog posts and social media. 

This enables stronger connections between peers who may also cite you in return. It also gives you credibility as a good source of curated information. 

This is essentially how I have used Twitter for years, with 80% of my tweets sharing other people's content.

 Use images and visual media 

It's a busy internet out there with lots of options clamoring for people's attention but a powerful image can cut through the noise.

 I use mainly Flickr Creative Commons for images and you can also use to create amazing graphics for your website and social media that will make your content more shareable. 

Videos can take this even further, bringing your words alive with your smile and your personality. People connect with people after all.

 To comment or not to comment?

 The number of comments on a post used to be a strong measure of engagement but with the rise of social media, the conversation may happen elsewhere.

 For example, YouTube uses Google Plus for comments and I am more likely to share posts and comment via Twitter than on a blog. 

I still have comments on but I've turned them off on

 Let it go if it's not working 

I've started five different blogs over the last six years and now only retain two of them: and

 The others lasted three to six months and I let them go because I ran out of content and I just wasn't passionate enough about the topics to continue writing. 

Multiple blogs can take up considerable time, so I only recommend more than one site for regular content if you have clearly defined separate audiences. 

I have a site for writers and a site for my thriller fans, and that's enough for me.

 Give it time! 

It took about four months of blogging every two days on The Creative Penn back in 2009 before I saw any traffic or comments, and about six months before I felt that it was a blog with anything to say.

 But in 2010, it was named one of Problogger's Top 30 Blogs To Watch and then every year since 2012, it has been in the top blogs for writers and self-publishers.

 Time in the market and consistency is critical, whether that's writing your books or blogging, videos, or podcasting. The longer you commit, the more it compounds, and the better the results. 

This is just a start, but if you want more on marketing, check out my book on the topic, How to Market a Book, available in print and ebook editions. 

The transition and your next steps

 This book has given you lots of options for how to make a living with your writing, but now it's your turn. Here's how you can make the change to making a living from your writing in manageable steps.

 Remember, you can also use the downloadable Companion Workbook here to write down your answers. 

(1) Start writing regularly for public consumption

 This is not journaling and this is not writing just for the fun of it. This is writing that people actually read. 

It could be regular blogging on your own site, using Wattpad to post chapters, guest posting, or writing a book for publication and giving it to an editor. 

Set yourself deadlines and then actually put your writing out into the world. You have to get used to being read. Yes, it's scary for all of us. You have to get over that if you want to make a living this way.

 By doing this you will prove to yourself that you can write to a schedule, that people will read what you write and that you can take feedback. You will start to grow into your voice, you will relax more about sharing and you'll learn by doing.

 (2) Decide what your focus will be and find examples of people to model

 Before you jump in, really spend some time considering your definition of success, what you want to create, and how you want to make a living with your writing. 

Find people who are making an income doing exactly what you want to do and research them even further. I'm just one example but there are lots of others who you can model. 

  • If you want to write lots of romance books, check out Bella Andre, Barbara Freethy, Liliana Hart or H.M. Ward
  •  If you want to write non-fiction and be a highly paid speaker, check out Michael Hyatt or Sally Hogshead
  •  If you want to make money podcasting, check out John Lee Dumas
  •  If you want to make money with freelance writing, check out Carol Tice
 You will find your own models online and many of them will have blogs or will write on forums or answer questions by email.

 Read what they've written. Buy their books and courses. Respect their time and only ask intelligent questions after you've been through all of their material.

 Don't listen to people who are NOT making a living in the way that you want to. It makes me crazy when authors are told "you have to blog or use twitter or speak." 

Actually, the only thing you have to do is write! The balance of the rest of it will be determined by how you want to make a living. 

(3) Prepare something for sale - and then actually sell it 

This could be an ebook or a course or selling your own services, anything to prove that you can make some income from writing.

 Your first $10 will switch your mindset and will prove you can sell. Once again, you will learn by doing and your confidence will grow because you'll discover that you can earn money in other ways. 

Use the options in Part 1 and 2 for ideas as to what you can start with. Then set a deadline by which you will get something up for sale. 

This is important since so many people don't achieve what they want because they fail to put a timeline on it. Stretch yourself, cancel other plans, and FOCUS.

 (4) Grow your audience 

Build your email list over time so you have people who are interested in what you’re creating. To do this, you'll need a professional website and an email capture mechanism like Aweber (which I use) or Mailchimp.

 More learning on the job! It's important for longevity over time to have a list of people who are ready to buy. How else will you guarantee your income for the future? Once you have these basics in place, you're ready to scale.

 (5) Grow the number of products you’re selling 

Once you have proved the concept, you can now expand what you're selling. This may be more books, courses, audio products, or speaking or perhaps adding affiliate marketing to the mix. 

You'll find that once you make $100 from these methods, you will be able to envisage making $1,000 and then $10,000 in the same way.

 (6) Make a plan to switch your income over to writing full time

 I don't recommend chucking in your day job tomorrow and attempting to make a living immediately from your writing. It's more of a slow growth curve for most of us. 

Start by planning to replace 10% of your monthly income with writing. Write down what that is for you. Now do some sums. 

If you can make $2 profit from the sale of a self-published book, how many books do you need to sell in a month to meet your target? 

The number might be too high if you only have one book, but what if you have three books or five books?

If you are considering other streams of income, then do the same kind of working-out for that. For example, if you have a podcast that earns you $200 per show in sponsorship, how many episodes would you need to make your income goals? 

How many listeners do you need to attract that kind of sponsorship? Once you get to 10%, then you can make a plan as to how to progress.

 When I reached that point, I made the decision to move to four days a week in my day job so I would be able to take my writing business to the next level.

 It took me nearly four years working part-time to grow my income enough to leave the day job in September 2011. Time flies!

 (7) Stop procrastinating and take action

 I had an email the other day from a lady I met back in Australia. We both did the 'Year of the Novel' course at Queensland Library in Brisbane in 2010. 

I was working on Stone of Fire, titled Pentecost at the time, and she was working on her first novel. In the email, she noted that she was still working on that first book, while I was now working on book number 14. She wondered how I had managed to achieve so much in so little time.

 There is no secret and we all have the same amount of time. 

We get what we focus on.

 The difference is that I want this. I'm driven to become a better writer every day, to put out books that will entertain, educate, and inspire.

 I put words on the page every day and commit to this as my career, my hobby, my passion, and my life. If you feel the same way, and you're willing to put in the time, you CAN make a living with your writing.

 It's your turn. Now go write!

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